Bernard K Meanns, PhD


Term Instructor of Anthropology

Instructor of Anthropology

Ph.D., Arizona State University 2006 
B.A., Occidental College 1986

Email -
Phone - 804.827.1985
Fax - 804.828.0127

Office - Lafayette Hall, Room 302
312 N. Shafer St. 
Richmond, VA 23284

Lab - Franklin Street Gym, 227
817 W. Franklin St.
Richmond, VA 23284

Curriculum Vitae

Bernard K. Means has a B.A. in Anthropology and a minor in Physics from Occidental College, Los Angeles, and a Ph.D. in Anthropology from Arizona State University, Tempe. His dissertation research involved applying new theories and cutting-edge technologies to American Indian village sites from southwestern Pennsylvania, many excavated during the 1930s by New Deal archaeologists. Dr. Means's scholarly pursuits include reconstructing American Indian village life from cross-cultural studies of village spatial and social organizations, the research potential of archaeological collections, and the history of archaeology across the Americas, especially during the Great Depression. He is author of Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition (2007) and editor of and contributor to the Shovel Ready: Archaeology and Roosevelt’s New Deal for America (2013), as well as numerous articles on the Monongahela tradition and New Deal archaeology.  Dr. Means currently teaches archaeology courses at the School of World Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University and is director of the Virtual Curation Laboratory, which is creating three-dimensional digital models of archaeological objects used for teaching, research, and public outreach.. Research in the Virtual Curation Laboratory by Dr. Means and his students is regularly published in archaeology journals, including “Virtual Artifact Curation of the Historical Past and the Next Engine Desktop 3D Scanner” by Bernard K. Means, Ashley McCuistion (VCU alumnae) and Courtney Bowles (VCU alumnae) in Technical Briefs in Historical Archaeology 7: 1-12. Papers related to work in the Virtual Curation Laboratory by Dr. Means and his students were also recently published in 2014 in the Pennsylvania Archaeologist and the Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia. Under Dr. Means’s direction, the Virtual Curation Laboratory has developed a partnership with HNB Garhwal University in north-central India to highlight the heritage of that region using 3D virtual artifact models and 3D printed replicas. He is also chair of the Society for American Archaeology’s History of Archaeology Interest Group (HAIG) and editor of Pennsylvania Archaeologist. His recent effort to 3D scan the world’s oldest ham and peanut has for some reason garnered worldwide attention: Dr. Means is a leading expert in the application of 3D printing for cultural heritage applications, especially in public outreach, education, and research. A notable recent effort includes creating tactile graphics (3D printed objects) for blind visitors to museums: